Mobility is a basic human need and a prerequisite for social and economic action. It allows participation in cultural and social life, and access to markets, jobs, education and health.
While street space was still the site of social exchanges a few decades ago, this function has been increasingly pushed back by the growth of motorized private transport.
Traffic has been steadily increasing for decades, and the growing population is compounding this. In addition to the health risks caused by noise and air pollution, the use of land is increasingly criticized, in particular by motorized private transport, and cyclists and pedestrians demand more space for their mode of transportation.
The core area of Altona is a typical densely populated urban residential and mixed-use area, with challenges that can be found in many cities in Germany and Europe. The street is overcrowded with many, partly conflicting claims. Often, sidewalks are blocked, the search for a parking space is difficult and cyclists want better links and safe, comfortable bike paths.
The urban development of the center of Altona and Holstenareal will lead to changes in the neighborhood, which should be designed constructively. New paths, recreation areas, educational and local care offers arise. But the new residents also bring with them mobility needs that should be met without additional burdens on the neighborhood.
To develop cooperative solutions to these challenges, Altona District Office, HafenCity University Hamburg (Department of Urban and Regional Planning and the CityScience Lab) and the Senate Chancellery have applied as a pilot region for neighborhood mobility in the European research and innovation program “Horizon 2020”, and enforced against a team of five pilot cities against more than 50 competitors.